Which Is An Example Of A Non Communicable Disease?

What is the difference between communicable and noncommunicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are the diseases which passes from one individual to another individual.

They are generally caused by some bacteria, viruses or any other pathogens.

For example, malaria, AIDS etc.

Non-communicable diseases are the diseases which does not spread from one person to another person..

What is a noncommunicable disease?

Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person. They are of long duration and generally slow progression.

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

Is hypertension a non communicable disease?

Hypertension: The most important non communicable disease risk factor in India.

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

How do you prevent NCDs?

Tools by targetsTarget 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.Target 4: Reduce salt intake.Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.More items…

What are non infectious diseases Class 9?

For example: Tuberculosis, tetanus, Common cold, AIDS, etc. Non-infectious Diseases: The disease which does not spread by contact between infected and healthy person through air and water, is called non-infectious disease. For example: Cancer, genetic abnormalities, high blood pressure, etc.

Is obesity a non communicable disease?

obesity is associated with an elevated risk of several major non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, asthma, and several cancers.

What are the common risk factors for non communicable diseases?

Depression, diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy diet, smoking, physical inactivity and excess alcohol consumption have been identified by the WHO Global Health Observatory data as common and preventable risk factors that underlie most NCDs.

What is communicable disease give example?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

How do non communicable diseases affect the world?

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death and disability globally, killing more than three in five people worldwide and responsible for more than half of the global burden of disease. NCDs cause and perpetuate poverty while hindering economic development in low- and middle-income countries.

What is the most common non contagious disease in the world?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Examples of NCDs include:Alzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•

Is a virus a communicable disease?

Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are the causes of NCDs?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are 3 examples of non infectious diseases?

Examples of Noninfectious DiseasesCystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetic noninfectious disease. … Cancer. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. … Cardiovascular Disease. … Type 2 Diabetes.